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28 September 2000 – Stirling, Scotland. We begin the Next Segment on the Stirlings of Keir with the First Laird of Keir, Lukas Strivelyng.


ukas Strivelying purchased the lands of Ratherne or Quoigs which lie in the parish of Dunblane between 1395 and 1415. On the 8th of October 1414 he obtained a Charter from Euphemia Countess Palatine of Stratherne, for the lands of Wester Ratherne in the Earldom of Stratherne.

On the 11th of January 1423 Lucas de Strevelyn was served nearest heir of the deceased William of Strevelyn, his father in the said lands of Rathoran and others. The retour shows that William had been dead about 30 years. This retour is in Latin and a copy is transcribed in the Book "The Stirlings of Keir" (Page 212). Lukas thus began the important process of consolidating his land holdings in Perthshire in and around Stirling by trading off lands he held in Fife and other areas. If he had not done this his posterity would likely have lost them as they were too far apart to support properly.

KEIR LANDS ACQUIRED BY LUKAS –

Lukas acquired a great deal of land during his lifetime. In addition to Ratherne, Rathoran and Quoigs he later obtained Bouchquhumgre in the barony of Leslie and the shire of Fife, and was designated these lands in 1448, when mutual excambions of lands were made between him and Lord George the Leysly (Leslie). He later swapped these lands in 1448 with Lord George the Leysly of Lewyn and acquired Keir. Lord George ended up with the lands of Bynzharty and the hills of Ballingalle in the Lordship of Leslie. These excambions were made by procuratories of resignation granted by the respective proprietors. The Procuratory by Lukas of Sterling is dated 6th May 1448. It empowers William of Sterling, his son and apparent heir, to resign Bynzharty and the hills of Ballingalle, holding of the baron of that ilk, at Leysly, the Lord's chief place of the same barony. This charter is where Fraser acquired an image of Lukas's seal shown below. (The Stirlings of Keir, Page 16-17)

This seal, on a bend, three buckles is still preserved today in the Rothes Charter Chest. The buckles are important as they show the buckles continued to be carried by Lukas Striveling in the 15th Century, just as they had in the past by his Father William. The seal also shows that both the Cadder and Keir Families had the buckles on a bend instead of a chief. This variation is noticed by Nisbet in his book of Heraldry, but Nisbet does not attach any importance to the different situation of the buckles. On the 7th of May 1448 a procuratory was granted by Lord George of Leysly, for resigning in the King's hands, the half of the Lands of Keyr, in favour of Lucas of Striveling of Boquhumgre. A copy of this charter is listed in The Stirlings of Keir, #25, Page 222. In 1425 Lukas and another Stirling, Duncan were two that participated in the inquest on the Service of Sir John Haldane, Knight, as son and heir of Sir Bernard Haldane, Knight. This Duncan may the originator of the Stirlings of Craigbernard. Lukas is reported to have married Marjorie Dunbar of Cockburn in Berwick. Her father was George Dunbar, the Earl of March. Her mother
was Beatrix.

LUKAS – CLAN STIRLING ONLINE LINKS –

Several of the different segments of the Stirling family here on Clan Stirling Online are related to Lukas and the Stirlings of Keir – Lukas is the -

10th Great Grandfather of James Sterling of Cornwall Connecticut. James came to America about 1750, fought in the Revolutionary war. His descendants are very active in researching his ancestry.

7th Great Grandfather of Patrick Sterling of Kippendavie, born on 8 Apr 1704, and died in November 1745. You can find more information on the Stirlings of Kippendavie here on the website.

THE EARLY STIRLINGS – WHICH LINEAGE IS CORRECT?

Genealogists have long known that there were two principal stocks of Stirlings whose origin and armorial bearings were perfectly distinct—the Sheriffs of Stirling, with their Cadder, Craigbernard, Glorat, Law and other descendants, who bore buckles on their shields, and the Stirlings of Moray and Glenesk, now represented by the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, who bore stars One of the more interesting aspects regarding Lukas the First Laird of Keir is the differing views of his ancestry. Over the years there has been quite a bit of posturing, arguing and book writing about it. Most of the accounts do agree on one point at least – that his father was William De Strvelying of Rathoran. It's important to know more about Lukas's ancestry, as his ancestral line combines with the Cadder line of the family in the 3rd Generation. Most of the confusion stems from William Fraser's "The Stirlings of Keir" published in 1857. In this book the author tried to claim Chieftain status to the name by showing a superior ancestral line to the Cadder branch of the family. Over a hundred-year period several books were written on the subject, in much more detail than is required here. Time has not been too kind to the position claimed by Fraser, and the more accepted view of Lukas's ancestry are portrayed in Bain's "The Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat", Thomas Stirlings "The Stirlings of Cadder and Dumpellier and Riddell's "Comments In Refutation of Pretensions Advanced For The First Time & Statements in A Recent Work "The Stirlings of Keir & Their Family Papers" With An Exposition Of The Right Of Stirlings Of Drumpellier To The Representation of the Stirlings of Cadder." (Noted as "Comments On Keir" in later examples) These later works show Lukas is a descendant of Vicecomes Thoraldus.

Fraser knew of Thoraldus when he wrote The Stirlings of Keir, for Thoraldus is claimed to have been the ancestor of the Stirling Family by William Playfair in his extensive work "British Family Antiquity" published in London in 1811, a book Fraser had used in other accounts prior to the Stirlings of Keir. John Riddell in his late 19th Century account Comments on Keir agreed with Playfair and listed the descent of the Stirlings. In a similar manner Thomas Stirling whose work on the Stirlings of Cadder was published after his death in the 1930's, also agreed with Playfair, Ridell and Bain. Given that Fraser was a "hired-gun" to portray the more powerful Keirs as chieftains of the family is quite obvious, and the genealogist should treat the material accordingly. It is generally accepted the main errors in Fraser's account occur in the first three generations of the line, and in the claim to Chief status of the name. The rest of the material is quite good, since Fraser had access to Keir and other families Charter Chests.

Early Stirling Genealogy – A Comparison

A brief comparison to the two schools of thought regarding the ancestry of Lukas will help clear up the confusion. It should be noted that the I-VIII assignments are for successive heads of the family, not a genealogical tree. III Alexander and IV John are in fact both sons of II. William in the left side account.

                            

Bain, Riddell, Playfair & Others

 

I. Thoraldus

I Walter De Striuelyng

II. William Son of Thoraldus

II Peter De Striuelyng of Cambusbarron

III. Alexander Son of William

III Sir Alexander De Striueling of Cawder

IV. (John brother to III Alex., son of II.)

IV John (listed as son instead of brother)

V. Sir William De Strivelying son of John

V Sir William De Strivelying

VI. John de Striwelyne of Rathoran in Lorn

VI. John De Striwelyne of Rathoran in Lorn

VII. William of Strivelyn of Rathoran

VII. William of Strivelyn of Rathoran

VIII. Lukas of Strivelyng or Rathoran & Keir

VIII. Lukas of Strivelyng or Rathoran & Keir

                          
                  
                

At the end of this account is a printout of the ancestry of Lucas with footnotes and sources. It is not considered complete but a working copy of where the research has taken us thus far. If you have more information or can add to the body of research on this topic, PLEASE DO SO!

Ancestors of Lukas Strivelyng of Keir - First Laird of Keir

FIRST GENERATION 1.
Lukas Strivelyng of Keir - First Laird of Keir was born before 1370.1 He owned the lands of Ratherne or Quoigs, which lie in the parish of Dunblane between 1395 and 1405 in Dunblane, Perth, Scotland.2 He owned the lands of Wester Ratherne, in the earldom of Stratherne on October 8, 1414 in Wester Ratherne, Stratherne, Scotland.3 He died between December 10, 1449 and April 13, 1452 in Scotland.4 He has reference number VIII. - The Stirlings of Keir..5

Lucas or Luke, did not have long to enjoy the new estates of Keir which he had purchased from Norman Leslie in 1448. In some accounts he is said to have died in 1450, just two years later.

"The Keir" is named after the Celtic term for a rough fort - Gaelic Caer. There are quite a number of "Caer's" running along the valley of Menteith, in the basin of the forth. All are just mounds of stones covered with turf, many were taken down and the stones used for construction of other buildings.

Sir Walter Scott wrote of the Keir estate, after staying there while in his youth. In "The Lady of The Lake" he called it "The Lofty brow of ancient Keir."

So with Lucas begins a 500-year history at the Keir, a journey which ended tragically in 1995 when the estate was sold.

SECOND GENERATION 2. William de Strivelyng of Rathoran was born about 1339 in Scotland.6,7 He died about 1393 in Scotland.8 He has reference number VII - Stirlings of Keir.9

William may have been born in 1339, being the year following the marriage of his parents. He possessed the lands of Rathoran by the same tenure as they had been granted to Mary, the wife of John de Striwelyne, and her heirs. It appears from the retour of his son in 1423 that William had been dead about 30 years, this is since 1393, fifty-five years after the grant to Mary Stirling. Source: The Stirlings of Keir, Page 15. William de Strivelyng of Rathoran had the following children:

       1       i. Lukas Strivelyng of Keir - First Laird of Keir.

THIRD GENERATION 4. John de Striwelyne of Rathoran in Lorn was born about 1295 in Scotland.10 He served in the military on July 19, 1333 in Halidon Hill, Scotland.11

John de Striwelyne is presumed to have been taken prisoner at Halidon Hill on 19th of July 1333, where his cousin of the same name was slain.

John married Mary, the aunt of John of Argyll, Lord of Lorn the last of the male line of the ancient Lords of Lorn, who claimed descent from Dugal, the son of Somerled of Argyle and the Isles. John of Lorn granted to Mary, his Aunt, the lands of Rathoran, and others, in Lorn, to be held of the granter of payment of a pair of spurs. This charter is dated at Perth on the (Activity of St. Mary 1338 (Haile's Annals, vol. iii. p. 92, 1792 Edition); it was perhaps granted to the lady on the occasion of her marriage.

In the following year, 1339 John de Striwelyne and Alan Boyd, styled by Fordun 'valentes armigeri' commanded the Archers, under the Steward of Scotland, at the siege of Perth, when they were both slain. (Fordoun, xiii. Page 45)

Wyntoun in his Cronykil also records the death of John de Striwelyne at Perth -

Qwhil thai ware lyand at that Toun
Thai had oft tymys bykkoryng,
Qwhare there wes far and nere schotyng
Thaire deyd two Scottis Sqwyeris
As thai war governand thaire archerys
Alane Boyd and Jhone of Stryvelyne
(Vol II, Page 233-234) He died in 1339 in Siege of Perth, Perth, Scotland.12

He has reference number VI. - The Stirlings of Keir..13

He was married to Mary of Lorn in 1338 in Scotland.14

     5. Mary of Lorn.

Mary is the Aunt of John of Argyll, Lord of Lorn, the last of the male line of the ancient Lords of Lorn. John de Striwelyne of Rathoran in Lorn and Mary of Lorn had the following children: 2

       i. William de Strivelyng of Rathoran.

FOURTH GENERATION 8. Sir William de Striveling Knight was born about 1270 in Scotland.15 He died about 1295 in Scotland.16 He has reference number V. - The Stirlings of Keir.17

Seal


This Seal Reads - S' Ionisdestrivelynmilitus ... Sir John de Strivelyn Knight



This seal reads - s'willelmi de strevelin ... Sir William de Strevelin



This third brother, Sir William de Strivelyn, is presumed by Mr. Fraser to be the ancestor of the line of Keir. This hypothesis was keenly controverted by Mr. Riddell in his comments on Keir, who was counsel for the Stirlings of Drumpellier in their claim to the representation of the House of Cadder. He maintained there was no legal evidence that John de Strivelyn, who married Mary the aunt of John of Lorne, from whom she received a charter of the lands of Rathorane in 1338, was the son of this Sir William; and strictly speaking there is none. But looking calmly at the matter now, after the lapse of twenty-five years, it may be admitted there are considerable probabilities in favour of the Keir claim. The early title deeds of that family are said to have been destroyed when James III burned the Tower of Keir. shortly before the battle of Sauchieburn, in 1488. John, the husband of Mary of Lorne, must have been the son of a man of some position, or he could hardly have aspired to such an alliance. And the entail between his grandson Luke Stirling and his contemporary, William Stirling of Cadder, in 1414 (Keir Book, p. 206), points to some not distant relationship between them, -a probable explanation being that they may have been the great grandsons of the brothers Sir Alexander and Sir William. This descent, however, from the youngest of the three brothers, necessarily forecloses any claim by the Keir branch to the chiefship of the family,-a fact long since practically admitted,-for the extinction of every offshoot of the Cadder Stirlings would first require to be proved by them. (The Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat, Page 3-4)

William is listed as the tie into the Cadder line of the Stirling family with his Brother. The Stirlings of Keir lists him this way "William of Strivelyn of Rathoran."

See Brice Clagget Manuscript for more information.

Sir William witnessed a charter by William Gourlay to the Abbey of Melrose in the year 1293 (Sir James Dalrymple's Coll. xxix.) and with Sir John de Striveling, his brother he witnessed a charter by William de Kinmonde to the Abbey of Cambuskenneth (Nisbet's Heraldry Vol. I. p. 401) Sir James Balfour, in his Blazons, says, that in the year 1292, "Sir William Stirling carried, parted per fesse, sable and or, three buckles of the last on the first."

Several seals, belonging to persons of the name of Stirling, are appended to the Deeds of Homage - commonly called the Ragman Rolls, which were exacted by Edward I the King of England from the Scottish Barons in 1292 and 1296, and are preserved in the Chapter House, Westminster. Willelmus de Strevelin has a shield of arms, and a chief three buckles, supported by two lions. Sir William de Striveling Knight had the following children:

       4       i. John de Striwelyne of Rathoran in Lorn.

FIFTH GENERATION 16. Sir John De Strivelyn Dominus de Ochiltree was born before 1214.18 He has reference number IV - Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat.19 He has reference number IV - Stirlings of Cadder & Drumpellier.20 He was a Sheriff of Stirling in Stirling, Scotland.21 John is called the son of Alexander (brother here), by the Editor of the Stirlings of Keir; but from the evidence adduced by Riddell, he was more probably his younger brother, and appears to have flourished about the middle of the 13th century. Source: (Cartulary of Lennox; and The Lennox, vol. ii) Sir John De Strivelyn Dominus de Ochiltree had the following children:

       i. Alexander De Strivelyn Del Conte De Lanark was born before 1272 in Scotland.22 Granted a charter of the church lands of "Alveth to Saint Servan of "alveth" which is witnessed "Hohanne Filio meo Promogenito" (Cartulary of Cambuskenneth.) This Alexander is clearly Lord of the Carse and Alva. He was Swore Fealty to Edward II on the Ragman Roll in 1296 in Scotland.23 He died before 1304 in Scotland.24,25 Thomas Willing Stirling in his Stirlings of Cadder wrongly assumes that Alexander didn't sign the ragman roll as his Son subscribed it for him. However as has been pointed out, Alexander and Johanne were brothers, not father and son. So the "Hohannes De Strivelyng de Carse" on the Ragman roll is his brother. He was also known as Alisandre De Strivelyn Del Conte de Lanark.26 Sir Alexander de Strivelyn, "del Conte de Lanark," swore fealty to Edward I. in 1296. His seal is on the Ragman Rolls, and he was the ancestor of the Cadder line.

In the Stirlings of Keir Fraser incorrectly states that Alexander is the father of the next in Line William De Striveling, but in fact William is his younger brother. (Keir, Page 13)

       ii. Lord Joannes De Strivelyn De Carse and Alva was born before 1292 in Scotland.27 Joannes was a signer of the Ragman Roll in 1292. He was Swore Fealty to Edward II on the Ragman Roll in 1296.28,29

He appears as "Jehan de Striveline chevaler" on the Ragman Roll. His seal, three round buckles on a chief, is in the Chapter House Collection, H.M. Public Record Office.

His only daughter, having married one of the Menteiths of Ruskie, carried his estates into that family, who, in consequence of the alliance, quartered the Stirling buckles with their own coat of arms.

       8       iii. Sir William de Striveling Knight.

SIXTH GENERATION 32. William Filius Thoraldi Vicecomes de Strivelyn was Witnessed a Charter by King William the Lion (1165- 1214) between 1165 and 1214 in Stirling, Scotland.30 Mr. Riddell quotes two charters by William the Lion, who reigned from 1165 to 1214, which are witnessed by "Willielmo, filio Thoraldi." Also a charter without date by "Willielmus, filius Thoraldi, Vicecomes de Strivelyn, to the church of Saint Mary of Stirling and abbot thereof (the same as of Cambuskenneth), of the Church of Kirkintullock, "Cum dimidia carrucata terre pro anima mea et animis patris mei et matris mea" and which is witnessed "Alano filio ejus" and others. He was born before 1214 in Scotland.31 He died after 1214.32 He has reference number II - Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat.33 He has reference number II - Stirlings of Cadder & Drumpillier.34

His status and relationship are vouched by a charter of William the Lyon to Arbroath Abbey, of a salt pit in the karse to which William is a witness, and a charter by the same king to the Abbey of Dunfermline, to which he is a witness, granted at Stirling. and lastly a charter granted by himself as "William, son of Thorald, Sheriff of Stirling," of the church of Kirkintilloch, to Cambuskenneth Abbey, witnessed by Alan his son among others. There are all without date, but are prior to 1214 when King William the Lyon died.

Other documents cited by Riddell, show that he had at least two sons besides the above Alan, Alexander and John, Alex was the oldest. William Filius Thoraldi Vicecomes de Strivelyn had the following children:

       i. Alexander Vicomes De Strivelyn Sherriff of Stirling was born about 1222 in Scotland.35,36 He was a Justiciar of Lothian between 1222 and 1244 in Scotland.37 He resided First of Ochiltree and Cadder before 1244 in Ochiltree, Scotland.38 He died about 1244.39 He has reference number III - Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat.40 He has reference number III - Stirlings of Cadder & Drumpellier.41

Alexander son of William, son of Thorald, or simply "The Sheriff of Stirling" and Josticiar of Lothian, was the first proprietor on record of the estates of Ochiltree and Cadder.

The charters and other documents cited by Riddell from the Chartularies of Dunfermline, of the priory of St. Andrews, of Newbottle, and other sources, fully prove his existence and style, and that he had brothers. (The Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat, Also Comments on Keir, Page 194-195)

                 ii. Alan De Strivelyn was born before 1214.42

       16      iii. Sir John De Strivelyn Dominus de Ochiltree.

SEVENTH GENERATION 64. Vicecomes Toraldus43 was born before 1147.44 He has reference number I - Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat.45 He has reference number I - Stirlings of Cadder & Drumpellier.46

The Sheriffs of Stirling, afterwards Stirlings of Cadder and Ochiltree, and their representatives, come from this man.

He is held to have been one of the distinguished strangers from the south, who were brought by David I. to civilize his native country; and from the names of the other witnesses to David's charter, must have been a person of the highest rank. He was named in a charter by David I, granting to Kelso Abbey a salt pit in Carsaak, dated "apud Strivelin."

John, bishop of Glasgow, one of these witnesses, having died in 1147, according to the Chronicles of Melrose and Holyrood, Thoraldus thus flourished at that early date.

Nothing More seems to be known of him.

Source: The Stirlings of Craigbernard and Glorat. Page A.

In the Chartulary of Kelso there is a charter by David I, "to the abbey of Kelso, of a salt-pit in Carsaak, dated "apud Strivelin" which is witnessed "Roberto Sancti Andrea Episcopo; Johanne, Glasguensi Episcopo, Edwardo Cancellario; Duncano Comiti; Herberto, Camerario; Toraldo, Vicecomite; Alwino MacArchile, Uctredo filio Fergusii. All the above witnesses were persons of the highest rank and consideration, holding great public offices; and besides the first two Bishops of the Kingdom, the Chancellor, and Chamberlain, there is Duncan, Earl of Fife, Alwin MacArchile, held by antiquarians to be ancestor of the Earls of Lennox, and Uchtred, son of Fergus, the Lord of Galloway. Thoraldus is held to have been a Saxon chief or leader, whom, with various Saxons, Normans, and Strangers, David I, during what Chalmers styles the Scoto-Saxon period, imported into Scotland to colonize and civilize it.

From the date of the above charter at Stirling, taken with what will follow, we may conclude that the Sheriffdom he undoubtedly held was that of Stirling. This charter must have been signed in or before 1147, that being the year when, according to the "Chronicles of Melrose and Holyrood" John, Bishop of Glasgow, a witness thereto, died.

Source: The Stirlings of Cadder & Dumpellier Page 13. Vicecomes Thoraldus had the following children:

       32      i. William Filius Thoraldi Vicecomes de Strivelyn.

NEXT - THE ESTATE – A VIRTUAL WALK IN AND AROUND KEIR

In our next segment we will take a virtual walk around the grounds of Keir and look at some old maps of the surrounding area. In the next installment will also be the answer to the following trivia question about the Estate of Keir –

What Movie was filmed on and around the Keir estate in the 1970's? Send your answers to mcej@clanstirling.org.
 

SOURCES
1. Fraser. The Stirlings of Keir. Privately published 150 copies. 1857. Page 16-17.
2. Ibid. Page 16-17.
3. Ibid. Page 16-17.
4. Ibid. Page 19.
5. Ibid. Page 16.
6. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Keir Manuscripts and Family Group Sheets in the Medieval Families Section on the lower floor of the LDS Church Family History Center in Salt Lake City Utah. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah. From chishom.ged retrieved from http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=monter eng1&id=I38664 which was submitted by Raymond L. Montgomery at montereng1@hotmail.com (19 Sep 2000).
7. William Fraser. The Stirlings of Keir and Their Family Papers. Edinburgh, Privately Printed 1858. Limited to 150 copies. Pg. 13, 15.
8. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Keir Manuscripts and Family Group Sheets in the Medieval Families Section on the lower floor of the LDS Church Family History Center in Salt Lake City Utah. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah. From chishom.ged retrieved from http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=monter eng1&id=I38664 which was submitted by Raymond L. Montgomery at montereng1@hotmail.com (19 Sep 2000).
9. William Fraser. The Stirlings of Keir and Their Family Papers. Edinburgh, Privately Printed 1858. Limited to 150 copies. Page 15.
10. Fraser. The Stirlings of Keir. Privately published 150 copies. 1857. Page 15.
11. Ibid. Page 15.
12. Ibid. Page 15.
13. Ibid. Page 15.
14. Ibid. Page 15.
15. Ibid. Page 13.
16. Ibid. Page 13.
17. Ibid. Page 13.
18. Joseph Bain, FSA. The Stirlings of Craigbernard and Glorat, Representatives of the house of Cadder and the Earls of Bothwell, and notices of their Cadets; some leaves of Lennox history, with Appendix of Charters and other Documents. Copies on File - Scottish Historical Society, 15 Upper Terrace, Edinburgh, Scotland. Edinburgh, 1883, Private published. 127 pages. Page 1- 3.
19. Ibid. Page 3.
20. Thomas Willing Stirling. The Stirlings of Cadder and Drumpellier, an account of The Original Family of That Name and of The Family of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. With which the representation of the ancient house of Cadder Now Lies. W.C. Hernerson & Son, Ltd., University Press, St. Andrews, Scotland, pub. 1933. Page 14.
21. Joseph Bain, FSA. The Stirlings of Craigbernard and Glorat, Representatives of the house of Cadder and the Earls of Bothwell, and notices of their Cadets; some leaves of Lennox history, with Appendix of Charters and other Documents. Copies on File - Scottish Historical Society, 15 Upper Terrace, Edinburgh, Scotland. Edinburgh, 1883, Private published. 127 pages. Page 3.
22. Thomas Willing Stirling. The Stirlings of Cadder : an account of the original family of that name and of the family of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. St. Andrews : W.C. Henderson & Son : University Press 1933 117 pages. LCCN: 92-178029 LC Call No: CS479.S71933. Page 17.
23. Bain. The Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat. Page 2.
24. Thomas Willing Stirling. The Stirlings of Cadder : an account of the original family of that name and of the family of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. St. Andrews : W.C. Henderson & Son : University Press 1933 117 pages. LCCN:92-178029 LC Call No: CS479.S71933. Page 17.
25. Bain. The Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat. Page 4.
26. Thomas Willing Stirling. The Stirlings of Cadder and Drumpellier, an account of The Original Family of That Name and of The Family of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. With which the representation of the ancient house of Cadder Now Lies. W.C. Hernerson & Son, Ltd., University Press, St. Andrews, Scotland, pub. 1933. Pg. 21.
27. Ibid. Pg. 18.
28. Bain. The Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat. Page 4.
29. Thomas Willing Stirling. The Stirlings of Cadder : an account of the original family of that name and of the family of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. St. Andrews : W.C. Henderson & Son : University Press 1933 117 pages. LCCN:92-178029 LC Call No: CS479.S71933. Page 17 - Thomas Stirling is incorrect here - while he shows that John signed the Ragman roll, he supposes that Joannes is the son of Alexander, not his brother.
30. Thomas Willing Stirling. The Stirlings of Cadder and Drumpellier, an account of The Original Family of That Name and of The Family of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. With which the representation of the ancient house of Cadder Now Lies. W.C. Hernerson & Son, Ltd., University Press, St. Andrews, Scotland, pub. 1933. Pg. 13.
31. Joseph Bain, FSA. The Stirlings of Craigbernard and Glorat, Representatives of the house of Cadder and the Earls of Bothwell, and notices of their Cadets; some leaves of Lennox history, with Appendix of Charters and other Documents. Copies on File - Scottish Historical Society, 15 Upper Terrace, Edinburgh, Scotland. Edinburgh, 1883, Private published. 127 pages. Page 1-3.
32. Ibid. Page 1-3.
33. Ibid. Page 2.
34. Thomas Willing Stirling. The Stirlings of Cadder and Drumpellier, an account of The Original Family of That Name and of The Family of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. With which the representation of the ancient house of Cadder Now Lies. W.C. Hernerson & Son, Ltd., University Press, St. Andrews, Scotland, pub. 1933. Page 13.
35. Joseph Bain, FSA. The Stirlings of Craigbernard and Glorat, Representatives of the house of Cadder and the Earls of Bothwell, and notices of their Cadets; some leaves of Lennox history, with Appendix of Charters and other Documents. Copies on File - Scottish Historical Society, 15 Upper Terrace, Edinburgh, Scotland. Edinburgh, 1883, Private published. 127 pages. Page 1-3.
36. Thomas Willing Stirling. The Stirlings of Cadder and Drumpellier, an account of The Original Family of That Name and of The Family of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. With which the representation of the ancient house of Cadder Now Lies. W.C. Hernerson & Son, Ltd., University Press, St. Andrews, Scotland, pub. 1933. Pg. 14.
37. Bain. The Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat. Page 2.
38. Ibid. Page 2.
39. Joseph Bain, FSA. The Stirlings of Craigbernard and Glorat, Representatives of the house of Cadder and the Earls of Bothwell, and notices of their Cadets; some leaves of Lennox history, with Appendix of Charters and other Documents. Copies on File - Scottish Historical Society, 15 Upper Terrace, Edinburgh, Scotland. Edinburgh, 1883, Private published. 127 pages. Page 1-3.
40. Ibid. Page 2-3.
41. Thomas Willing Stirling. The Stirlings of Cadder and Drumpellier, an account of The Original Family of That Name and of The Family of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. With which the representation of the ancient house of Cadder Now Lies. W.C. Hernerson & Son, Ltd., University Press, St. Andrews, Scotland, pub. 1933. Page 14.
42. Joseph Bain, FSA. The Stirlings of Craigbernard and Glorat, Representatives of the house of Cadder and the Earls of Bothwell, and notices of their Cadets; some leaves of Lennox history, with Appendix of Charters and other Documents. Copies on File - Scottish Historical Society, 15 Upper Terrace, Edinburgh, Scotland. Edinburgh, 1883, Private published. 127 pages. Page 1-3.
43. Ibid. Page 1-3.
44. Ibid. Page 1-3.
45. Ibid. Pg. 1.
46. Thomas Willing Stirling. The Stirlings of Cadder and Drumpellier, an account of The Original Family of That Name and of The Family of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. With which the representation of the ancient house of Cadder Now Lies. W.C. Hernerson & Son, Ltd., University Press, St. Andrews, Scotland, pub. 1933. Page 13.
 

GLOSSARY OF TERMS –

Conte - French for a Count or an Earl.

Dominus - Latin for Lord

Excambion \Ex*cam"bi*on\, Excambium \Ex*cam"bi*um\, n. [LL. excambium. (Scots Law) Exchange; barter; -- used commonly of lands. Procuratories of Resignation - A person entrusted with management of the financial affairs of a province and often having administrative powers as agent of the King. In this case it's a resignation of this trust.

Retour - Literally "go over again" or "reiterate"

Vicecomes - "David I King of Scotland began to spread direct royal influence through the kingdom by the creation of the office of sheriff (vicecomes), a royal judge and administrator ruling an area of the kingdom from one of the royal castles. Centrally, a nucleus of government officials, such as the chancellor, the chamberlain, and the justiciar, was created by David and his successors; these officials, with other tenants in chief called to give advice, made up the royal court (Curia Regis). " From the Encyclopedia Britannica.